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Sep 082012
 

 

With a population of about 53.5 million (1994 census, updated June 1998), Ethiopia represents a melting pot of ancient cultures with Middle Eastern and African cultures evident in the religious, ethnic and language composition of its Semitic, Cushitic, Omotic and Nilotic peoples. The Ethiopian peoples comprise about eighty nationalities of which the Amhara and the Oromo constitute the majority, with about 60 percent of the total population.

Approximately 85 percent of the population live in the rural areas. The annual population growth rate is about 3.09 percent, and the economically active segment, between ages 14 and 60, is about 50 percent of the total population.

Ethiopia is a Federal Democratic Republic composed of 9 National Regional States (NRS) – Tigray, Afar, Amhara, Oromia, Somali, Benishangul-Gumuz, Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples Region (SNNPR), Gambella and Harari – and two administrative councils – Addis Ababa and Dire Dawa. The NRS and the Administrative councils are further divided into 62 zones and 523 woredas.

 Posted by at 7:39 pm
Sep 082012
 
ethiopian_flag

The national flag of Ethiopia consists of three wide horizontal stripes of green, yellow and red with an emblem of a radiant star surrounded by blue.

The flag shall have the colours; green at the top, yellow at the middle and red at the bottom together with a national emblem of circular blue background. The emblem shall be set at the center of the flag in such a way that its circumference curves on the mid point of the width of both the green and red colours.


Flag of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
 

The Flag and Emblem Proclamation No. 48/1996

 Posted by at 7:39 pm
Sep 082012
 

With an area of 114 million square kilometres, Ethiopia is as large as France and Spain combined and is five times the size of the UK. From the north and running down the centre are the Abyssinian highlands. To the west of the chain the land drops to the grasslands of Sudan, to the east to the deserts of the Afar. South of Addis Ababa, the land is dominated by the Rift Valley Lakes.

Ethiopia is strategically located in the Horn of Africa. Its proximity to the Middle East and Europe, together with its easy access to the major ports of the region, enhances its international trade. It is bordered by the Sudan in the west, Somalia and Djibouti in the east, Eritrea in the north and Kenya in the south.

Ethiopia’s central plateau varies in height between 2,000 and 3,000 metres. In the north and centre of the country there are some 25 mountains whose peaks rise over 4,000 metres (13,200ft), the highest being Ras Dashen at 4,543 metres (14,538ft).

Rivers

The most famous Ethiopian river is the Blue Nile (or Abbay), which runs a distance of 1,540 kilometres from its source in Lake Tana, to join the White Nile at Khartoum. Other main rivers include the Tekezze (which joins the Nile in the Sudan), the Awash, the Wabe Shabele, the Omo, the Baro and Birbir.

 Posted by at 7:39 pm
Sep 082012
 
Awash21

Awash National Park is the oldest and most developed wildlife reserve in Ethiopia. Featuring the 1,800-metre Fantail Volcano, extensive mineral hot-springs and extraordinary volcanic formations, this natural treasure is bordered to the south by the Awash River and lies 225 kilometers east of the capital, Addis Ababa. The wildlife consists mainly of East African plains animals, but there are now no giraffe or buffalo. Oryx, bat-eared fox, caracal, aardvark, Columbus and green monkeys, Anubis and Hamadryads baboons, klipspringer, leopard, bushbuck, hippopotamus, Semarang’s gazelle, cheetah, lion, kudu and 450 species of bird all live within the park’s 720 square kilometers.

 Posted by at 7:39 pm
Sep 082012
 
Bale-Mountain2
balehagerutoursBale-Mountain

balehagerutoursBale-Mountain

The Bale Mountains, with their vast moorlands – the lower reaches covered with St. John’s wort- and their extensive heathland, virgin woodlands, pristine mountain streams and alpine climate remain an untouched and beautiful world. Rising to a height of more than 4,000 meters, the range borders Ethiopia’s southern highlands, whose highest peak, Mount Tullu Deemtu, stands at 4,377 meters. Continue reading »

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Sep 082012
 
Siemen-Mountain18
balehagerutoursethiopiasimen mountain camp sait at sankaber

balehagerutoursethiopiasimen mountain camp sait at sankaber

balehagerutoursethiopia at simen mountain

balehagerutoursethiopia at simen mountain

 

The Simen range consists of several major plateau divided by large river valleys. The western plateau is bounded on the north and east by massive escarpment, many kilometers long and over 1,000 meters high in places and cut along its length by steep gorges. The views from the top of the escarpment look north over the vast plains towards Eritrea. At their foot are the remains of Continue reading »

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Sep 082012
 
dalol

It is located in Afar region that lies at the altitude of 116m below sealevel.The Danakil ( or Dalol ) depression is making it to be one of the lowest, hottest and unique land formations in the great riff valley system. Still this part of the planet is very active geologically. Nevertheless, it has colorful and enjoyable landscape, which it make traveler feel that, they are in lonely planet. Afar is also a place where the world most significant hominid fossils have been discovered. The best known of these is ‘Lucy’ Our ancestor.

 Posted by at 7:39 pm
Sep 082012
 
Lalibela3It is a medieval settlement in the northern Ethiopia and the site of eleven rock hewn churches believed to be built some 800 years ago. The town flourishes as a museum of rock hewn churches. The construction of these churches is attributed to king Lalibela at high point of Zagwe period, a memorial to the level of civilization reached during that period. The rock hewn churches of Lalibela have been recognized by UNESCO as part of the world cultural heritage site in 1978
Lalibela3It is a medieval settlement in the northern Ethiopia and the site of eleven rock hewn churches believed to be built some 800 years ago. The town flourishes as a museum of rock hewn churches. The construction of these churches is attributed to king Lalibela at high point of Zagwe period, a memorial to the level of civilization reached during that period. The rock hewn churches of Lalibela have been recognized by UNESCO as part of the world cultural heritage site in 1978

lalibela ethiopia balehagerutoursethiopia

lalibela

lalibela ethiopia balehagerutours ethiopia

It is a medieval settlement in the northern Ethiopia and the site of eleven rock hewn churches believed to be built some 800 years ago. The town flourishes as a museum of rock hewn churches. The construction of these churches is attributed to king Lalibela at high point of Zagwe period, a memorial to the level of civilization reached during that period. The rock hewn churches of Lalibela have been recognized by UNESCO as part of the world cultural heritage site in 1978.

Sep 082012
 
Gonder8

 

Gondar ethiopia A graceful city which founded by Emperor Fasiledes in 1636, was the capital of Ethiopia until the mid 19th Century. Gondar ethiopia is famous for its medieval castles and the designs and decoration of its churches. The city’s main imperial precinct, called the royal enclosure, six graceful edifices, erected by the famous successive Gonderiane Emperors in the 17th and 18th centuries as places, at the center of the town with I a high stone walled fortification, an area of 70,000 square meter, with 12 symbolic entrances, Because of their outstanding universal value they were included in the UNESCO world heritage list in 1979.

balehagerutoursethiopia gondar

balehagerutoursethiopia gondar